Demystifying Full-Stack Development: What You Need to Know
Having a good, interactive, and attractive website is of utmost importance for business organizations in today’s competitive age. The interactive websites help users to communicate with the brand. This, in turn, leads to better information retention, increased engagement, more personalized experiences, lead generation, and improved brand image of the company.
According to recent reports, the global developer population is expected to reach 28.7 million people by the year 2024. The main aim of developers is to create aesthetic, functional, and navigational websites. This is where a full-stack development comes into play. It refers to the process of developing a complete website or any web application from the start to the end. It tends to include working with the latest tools and technologies along with front-end web, back-end technologies, and database development.
As a result, professional full-stack developers with good technical knowledge and skill sets are in high demand as they can perform the task of both front-end developer and back-end developer as and when required making them a valuable asset for any business organization. But before going deep, let us first understand what exactly full stack development is.
What is full stack development?
The term “full-stack” mainly refers to the collection of all the latest technologies and skill sets that are required to complete a project. Each of these is known as a “stack”. To put it in another way, “full stack development” as a whole can be considered as a collection of all the essential skills and abilities required for developing a website or web-based applications on both the back end and front end. This tends to include various libraries, frameworks, and tools for both server software and client. These are helpful for the seamless functioning of websites.
Now, what are full-stack development types?
A professional full-stack developer has the responsibility for the entire web development from scratch. This includes everything from writing the codes that make a website or a web application work to designing an interactive user interface for a better customer experience. They should have a good understanding of both backend and frontend web development. They should be able to write codes in various programming languages and have a good understanding of how various web development technologies work. According to a recent report in Times Of India, full-stack developers have become one of the most soughed professions because of their increasing demand in the field of web development in recent times. There are over 10,000 job openings for experienced full-stack developers on popular job search portals such as Glassdoor, Linkedin, and Nakuri.
Understanding front-end development
Front-end development refers to the process of designing and building the graphic user interface (GUI) of any website for a better customer experience. Front-end development involves the development of the parts of a website that the user interacts with such as text boxes and buttons. If we take the example of the Instagram login page – the graphics on the page, the text boxes that are present to enter the email ID and passwords, and the login buttons are all part of the front end of the website. A skilled full-stack developer should be aware of various front-end development tools and technologies.
A good responsive website (UI) helps improve the overall customer experience. By optimizing the images, content, and layouts, users can now easily consume and interact with the web content which in turn results in a positive customer experience (UX). Good experiences help to maintain customer loyalty towards a brand or a product.
Understanding back-end development
Backend development refers to those web development activities that are done at the back end of the programs. Back-end developers tend to ensure that a website performs correctly by focusing on back-end logic, databases, application programming interfaces (APIs), services, and architecture. For instance, the authentication that occurs after a user has given the data and clicked the log-in button happens on the back end of a website. It is the responsibility of a full-stack developer to be aware of all the latest backend development trends.
A backend framework tends to automate some aspects of web development thereby making it simpler and faster. Some of the well-known backend frameworks include Django, Laravel, Flask, Express, Ruby on Rails, CakePHP, Node.js, Python, MySQL, and MongoDB.
What are the 3 layers of full-stack development?
There are three main layers of the full-stack development process. They are as follows-
- Front-end or Presentation layer
- Back-end or Business layer
The back-end layers are the part that is hidden from the users. The business layer deals with all the data validation and logical operations in the backend part of the interface. Some of the most popular and widely used backend languages are Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP), Node.js, Django, and . NET.
- Database layer
The database layer is where everything is stored. It deals with storage operations such as fetching, storage, and modification. The various components of a database system include hardware, software, data, processes, and database access language. MySQL, MongoDB, MariaDB, and PostgreSQL are some of the different types of databases.
Latest Full-Stack Development Tools and Technologies
From project management tools to integrated development environments (IDEs), a full-stack web developer will have a plethora of options to choose from. This might create confusion for the developers.
Considering this, here is a list of the best full-stack developer tools that are available in the market. These tools are highly popular and are helpful to make development more accessible and more efficient.
A full-stack developer must be proficient in both front-end and back-end tasks. CodePen tends to provide the perfect solutions for all the front ends. It is easier to build websites with the help of CodePen as it tends to support numerous libraries and frameworks such as React and Vue.js. As a result, a web developer tends to get a supportive and versatile development environment to work in. Furthermore, with the help of the CodePen tool, the overall appearance of the website can be changed more efficiently and quickly. Developers can now add new pages to a website without writing new codes because of the prefilled API function.
3. Virtual Studio Code
Another interesting feature of the WebStrom is that it has a wide range of themes and color schemes. This in turn makes this tool fun to work with. WebStorm is also an excellent choice for editing and reviewing.
What are the responsibilities of a full-stack developer?
Various responsibilities of a full-stack developer include-
- They work with the development teams and product managers to ideate software solutions
- Develop the front-end of the applications through attractive visual design
- Test various software to ensure responsiveness and efficiency
- Design severe side and client-side architecture
- Write effective application programming interfaces (APIs)
- Check troubleshoot, debug, and upgrade software
- Design effective data protection and security settings
- Build features and applications that are fully responsive and mobile-friendly
- Embracing continuous integration and continuous deployment (CI/CD) only ensures a smoother workflow but also helps deliver robust and user-friendly websites and web applications
What are the benefits of full-stack development?
Some of the benefits of full-stack development are as follows-
- Saves time and money
Hiring a full-stack developer tends to lower the overall web development cost for a business organization because a single developer tends to be well-versed in both front-end and back-end technologies.
- Unique codes
With the availability of a full stack developer, the project manager need not coordinate between a frontend and backend developer to make a web application work. A full-stack developer can single-handedly design and develop web applications and write unique codes easily.
- Easy maintenance and updates
Designing and developing web applications using full-stack developer technologies allows full-stack developers to resolve updates easily based on customer requirements. Since they have significant knowledge in both backend and frontend technologies and codes, they can easily optimize the web application and website as and when required.
What are the challenges faced by full-stack developers?
Some of the challenges that are faced by a full-stack developer are as follows-
- Working with various technologies
- Managing both front-end and back-end development
Another challenge that is faced by a full-stack developer is managing both front-end and back-end development. At times the front-end and back-end development tasks are managed by two different teams and as a full-stack developer it is their job to manage and coordinate the two teams. This can be a daunting task.
- Testing and debugging code
A full-stack developer needs to test and debug both front-end and back-end codes. This can be tedious and time-consuming but it is essential to ensure that codes are error-free before the website goes live.
Full-stack development can be considered an important term in the world of web and software development. It has been a popular choice over the past few years for the development of powerful and engaging web applications and websites.
In today’s competitive age, there has been a rise in the demand for skilled full-stack developers who can work on all parts of a website and web applications, from back-end coding and database management to front-end designs and user experience. A business organization should hire a full-stack development company offering the best full-stack development services. Wait no longer. Hire the best full-stack developers in the market today!