React Native Vs Flutter: All You Need to Know

React Native vs Flutter
Flutter / React / React Native

React Native Vs Flutter: All You Need to Know

We live in an era where technology plays a pivotal role in our day-to-day life. We are surrounded by technology and various devices without which, it is really difficult to carry on with our daily activities. The smartphone is such a device that has taken a prominent place in our lives, especially during times like this when we are battling a pandemic and following social distancing.

From talking to our loved ones to ordering daily necessities and passing leisure time, the smartphone has taken over it all. Not only our personal lives but professional lives are also immensely impacted by smartphones. Nowadays, many business nitty-gritty is met with the help of smartphones which, eventually, leads to the popularity of mobile apps.

Because of the rising prevalence of smartphone applications, almost every business wants a mobile app or application to stay competitive in the market. Business organizations are looking for an alternative to create mobile apps with faster speed and fewer resources, particularly for iOS and Android.

Apple and Google have created native platforms and technology for making applications. iOS software developers will use Xcode and Swift to create applications while Android developers use Android Studio and Kotlin or Java. This allows engineers to study two entirely separate sets of technologies. As a result, businesses have begun embracing cross-platform applications over native applications to develop applications faster using a common language for both iOS and Android.

React Native by Facebook and Flutter by Google are the two hot-cross platforms gaining popularity in the market. If you are confused about which one to choose, we are here to help you out. Here is a detailed comparative study of the two platforms.

What is React Native?

React Native is a Facebook-created open-source mobile application framework that was released in March 2015. It is used for both mobile and web applications and allows developers to use React and other capabilities in the native platform. It is built on top of ReactJS and Javascript. Developers, who are well-versed in such languages, will prefer React Native over other frameworks.

What is Flutter?

Flutter is an open-source UI development software kit created by Google in May 2017. It is used for mobile, desktop as well as web applications, all from the same codebase. Developers, with a slight inclination toward Dart programming language, will have a preference for Flutter.

Both of the technologies help developers to develop cross-platform applications more quickly by using a single programming language. While React Native is already mature, Flutter has also been gaining huge popularity since its inception in 2017.

Here we shall compare both these technologies following some criteria:

Programming Language

React Native uses JavaScript, a popular language in the web community, to build multiplatform applications. It is usually used with React and other popular JavaScript frameworks. React Native enables web developers to build mobile apps with a bit of training. JavaScript is a dynamically typed language and can be used to do anything at the same time, which can have a positive as well as a negative effect.

Flutter uses the Dart programming language that has been introduced by Google in 2011. Dart is seldom used by developers. However, Dart syntax is easy to understand, since it supports most object-oriented concepts.

Technical Architecture

React Native architecture relies on bridge JavaScript. At runtime, the JavaScript code gets compiled into native code. React Native makes use of Facebook’s Flux architecture. Thus, React Native communicates with the native modules using the JavaScript bridge.

React Native vs Flutter

Flutter uses the Dart framework that incorporates most of the components, making it larger in size and often requiring the bridge to communicate with the native modules. Dart has so many frameworks packed inside, such as Material Design and Cupertino, that provide all of the necessary technologies to develop mobile apps. The Dart framework uses the Skia C++ engine with all the protocols, compositions, and channels available.


You can install the React Native framework using the Node Package Manager (NPM). Installing React Native is easy for developers having JavaScript background. Developers will have to understand exactly where the binary is located.

Flutter can be installed by downloading the binary from a specific platform from Github.

Setup and Project Configuration

In the case of React Native, the documentation jumps straight to the step of creating a new project assuming the developer to have the necessary setup for developing iOS and Android.

The start-up guide for Flutter has detailed information for both iOS and Android regarding IDE setup and platform set-up. Added to this, Flutter has a CLI tool called a flutter doctor to guide developers through the setup. It inspects which tools are installed on the local machine and which tools need to be configured. With the approval of the doctor flutter command is happy, a new Flutter app can be created.

UI Component and Development API

The core React Native framework provides only UI rendering and device accessing APIs. React Native mostly relies on third-party libraries to access most of the native modules.

Flutter framework is richly filled with UI rendering components, devices accessing APIs, navigation, testing, stateful management, and libraries. Therefore, Flutter does not require to depend on any third-party library. Flutter also offers widgets for Material Design and Cupertino thereby enabling developers to easily render the UI on both iOS and Android platforms.

Related: How App Development Using React Native or Ionic Framework Can Reduce Costs by up to 50%?

Developer Productivity

If the developer is well-versed in JavaScript then using those skills for the development of cross-platform apps is fairly easy. React Native has a hot reload feature that saves a lot of time while testing the UI changes. Developers can use any text editor or IDE of their choice.

Flutter has a hot reload feature as well, and the demo makes it easy to kickstart the process. However, with the growing complexity of apps, developers need to adopt the new concepts of Flutter. Further, as Dart is not a common programming language, many IDEs and text editors lack support for it.

Testing Support

React Native is a JavaScript framework, and JavaScript contains a few unit level testing frameworks. Snapshot testing can be done using tools like Jest. However, React Native doesn’t provide official support when it comes to integration or UI level testing. Third-party tools like Appium and Detox may be used to test React Native apps though they are not officially supported.

React Native vs Flutter

Flutter offers a rich set of testing features to test apps at the unit, widget, and level of integration. Flutter has a cool testing feature for the widget where we can examine the widget to test the UI and run them at unit test speed.

DevOps and CI/CD Support

React Native has no official documentation on establishing a CI/CD. However, some articles are available for the React Native apps to explain the CI/CD support.

Flutter has a Continuous Integration and Testing section that includes links to outside sources. But the rich command-line interface from Flutter allows us to easily set up CI / CD.

Both React Native and Flutter have both their pros and cons. Someone with more knowledge in JavaScript will choose React Native while a developer who enjoys the object-oriented paradigm will prefer to use Flutter.

If you find this blog useful, then don’t forget to share and leave a comment below.

Comments (7)

  1. Monish Sinthala

    Very good comparisons. I think every flutter app development company needs to know this. Thanks for the blog. Will share it with my peers surely. Regards.

    July 12, 2021 at 4:39 am
  2. Brainium

    Thank you for your comments.

    August 3, 2021 at 11:37 am
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